1095 or 01 would be my vote
iv'e wanted to make an all around bushcraft knife and wondered what steel would be the best. stainless,tool steel,carbon, any suggestions?
1095 or 01 would be my vote
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Have you made knives before? If so, what kind of equipment do you use? Certain steels require specific methods to reach full potential.
Make yourself a list of specific tasks you expect from your knife, then make a decision based on a steel and heat treat that best suits those expectations.
As it stands you will get many different answers on what the best steel is.... that just tells me that there isn't one.
If this is a knife that will be used quite often, a deeper hardening high carbon or tool steel might be the better choice in the long run. As has already been mentioned, 1095 and O1 should be well suited for the job of a bushcraft; I've worked with O1 some and if heat treated to textbook execution can take and hold a rather fine edge. Also, W1 and W2 are more shallow hardening but can have just as much durability as O1, and are less "picky" when being heat treated. However, I've only been working with high carbon/tool stock for 1 year, so take this with a grain of salt.
I think you can get a lot of insight into your question by looking at the custom and production bushcraft knives out there, especially those designed/endorsed by bushcraft instructors or by knifemakers who are themselves bushcrafters.
Something else to consider in your quest is blade maintenance. 1095 is pretty easy to maintain but it seems to loose its "sharpness" quicker. It also is prone to rusting, which is why you will see a lot of 1095 blades that are painted (ESEE and Becker for example). The tougher and more wear resistant the steel the harder it is to maintain, but at the same time it becomes more durable.
For whittling and carving a tougher steel might be more applicable as the edge will be less prone to rolling with the wood shaving process (side loading the blade). If you are doing more cutting (rope, vines, etc) a more wear resistant steel would be more applicable. If you are going to be using your blade in wet weather or wet materials (wet wood) a stainless, or less stain-able carbon steel would be better, just note that stainless steels can sacrifice the toughness and wear resistance for corrosion resistance.
Keep in mind that the same qualities that can make a great blade steel can also make it very difficult to work with.
This is the bladeforums search engine. Save it in your Favorites bar and use it to look up past topics. Plugging in "Steel For Bushcraft" will give you a lot to read:
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As far as thickness goes, I like 3/16". Its thin enough that if you do a high flat grind you can still make a really good slicer or you could do a shallow grind and leave the blade a little thicker behind the blade for harder use, but it is still stout enough for a lot of abuse. I only use 1/4" for larger knives or on a small knife that is intended for hard use. I only use 1/8" steel if it is requested.
i would go with 5160 if it was going to be used as a hard use knife and my next choice would be 52100 if just as a bush craft knife then O1. for a bush craft knife something that is not going to be use for batoning 52100 or O1 is a great choice. but for someone new at knife making i would send them out for heat treat.
IMO it's not so much the steel that makes a great bushcraft experience/knife but the skills of those that wield the knife. The grind type and edge angle will also have a huge effect on performance, possibly even more so than steel type. Heat treat is of course also a very important factor.
My advice would be to take a variety of knives...different handles/grips and steel varieties and spend a solid weekend using them and see what you come up with. You might be surprised at your final choice. I know I was at first. Everyone will have a different opinion of this.
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