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Snow & Nealley time line

Discussion in 'Axe, Tomahawk, & Hatchet Forum' started by rjdankert, Dec 31, 2015.

  1. rjdankert

    rjdankert Basic Member Basic Member

    Mar 10, 2011
    First of all, I am not an historian or researcher. I guess you could say I am only a self taught googler.

    This time line is not intended to be a statement of the true history of the Snow & Nealley Company. In fact, it may contain contradictory information. I became interested in this subject when it came up in this thread:
    http://www.bladeforums.com/forums/showthread.php/1152684-The-drawback-in-the-Hudson-Bay-pattern

    This compilation of information was started from the link above and information that I have found. Corrections and additional information is most welcome . I will attempt to update as further information becomes available.

    So, here goes my first attempt at a time line.

    My short version

    1864 A company is formed. Name, owners, etc. unknown.
    Note: This date is necessary for the 150+ year old claim.

    1867 Edward Bowdoin Nealley comes to Bangor and establishes himself in the ship chandlery business Smith, Nealley & Company.
    Note: Was this an iteration of the 1864 company?

    1868 The firm becomes Hincks & Nealley

    1869 The firm becomes Neally & Co.

    1870 Charles L. Snow starts working for Nealley & Co.

    1884 Hincks & Nealley name comes back.

    1885 William Pope Nealley goes into business with his half brother Edward Bowdoin Nealley.

    1888 The firm Nealley & Company dealers in cordage, etc. the members are Edward Nealley and Charles L. Snow.

    1888 - 1894 Between 1888 and 1894 the firm name becomes Snow & Nealley Co, Edward Bowdoin Nealley is treasurer.

    1897 William Pope Nealley becomes president and succeedes his father Edward Bowdoin Nealley.
    Note: I found two sources for this, one from a 1993 book and the other a 1994 newspaper article. I don't know of any other information of when William became president, but found references which convince me that Edward and William were not father and son.

    1905 Death of Edward Bowdoin Nealley.

    1910 Charles L. Snow, president of Snow & Nealley Co. Bangor, dies.

    1913 Snow & Nealley manufactures axes at least this early.

    1933 Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over.

    1950 William Pope Nealley dies

    1956 William "Bill" Bowdoin Nealley named company president.

    1984 William "Bill" Bowdoin Nealley dies. Wife Lois Newcomb Nealley becomes sole owner.

    199? David S. Nealley, son of Bill and Lois, president of Snow & Nealley.

    1998 Christopher Hutchins buys Snow & Nealley.

    2003 tool production stops

    2007 production re-starts in Brewer

    2012 Chris Hilty’s family buys Snow & Nealley moves to Smyrna

    2015 All forging now being done in the US

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Long version

    1836 Edward St. John Nealley marries Lucy Colfax (Prince) Nealley.
    History of Bath and Environs, Sagadahoc County, Maine: With Illustrations.
    London: Forgotten Books. (Original work published 1894) pg 190:
    http://www.forgottenbooks.com/readb...nvirons_Sagadahoc_County_Maine_1000564674/203

    1837 Edward Bowdoin Nealley born to Edward St. John and Lucy Colfax (Prince) Nealley.
    Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=N...=Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over&f=false
    and
    Maine: A History, Biographical, 1919, p. 127-129:
    https://archive.org/stream/mainehistory04mainuoft/mainehistory04mainuoft_djvu.txt

    1853 Lucy Nealley wife of Edward St. John Nealley dies.
    History of Bath and Environs, Sagadahoc County, Maine: With Illustrations. London: Forgotten Books. (Original work published 1894) pg 191:
    http://www.forgottenbooks.com/readb...nvirons_Sagadahoc_County_Maine_1000564674/203

    1855 Charles L. Snow is born
    Obituary of Charles L. Snow, Paint, Oil and Drug Review, Volume 52 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=Z...ow & nealley"&pg=RA3-PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false

    1858 Edward Bowdoin Nealley graduates from Bowdoin College class of '58.
    Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine 1911 page vii:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=N...Q6AEILzAE#v=onepage&q=william nealley&f=false

    [​IMG]
    Bowdoin College Library Archives Image Gallery:
    http://images.bowdoin.edu/items/show/12637

    1859 Edward St. John Nealley re-marries "Sarah A. Pope of Spencer, Mass. They had two children, William P. and Henry A."
    History of Bath and Environs, Sagadahoc County, Maine: With Illustrations. London: Forgotten Books. (Original work published 1894) pg 191:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=Z...ow & nealley"&pg=RA3-PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false

    1863 William Pope Nealley born. Born 1863 son of Edward St. John and Sarah Pope Nealley.
    Bowdoin Alumnus November 1950 obituary, pg 25 in the original document:
    https://archive.org/stream/bowdoinalumnimag25195bowd#page/n0/mode/2up

    1864 "The company started started in 1864..."
    Bangor Daily News Oct 19, 1977 "Ax business booms at Snow & Nealley":
    https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=SAg0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=lCMIAAAAIBAJ&pg=2045,1107546
    note: this is the date necessary for the 150+ year old claim for the Snow & Nealley company.

    1864 Edward Bowdoin Nealley "...appointed U. S. District Attorney...Montana."
    Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=N...=Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over&f=false

    1866 "...returned to Maine ..."
    Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=N...=Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over&f=false

    1867 Edward B. Nealley first came to Bangor and established himself in the ship chandlery business, dealing also in cordage, and continued in this
    line up to the time of his death".
    Maine: A History, 1919 Vol 4 pg 128:
    http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433078767427;view=1up;seq=222
    and
    Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=N...=Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over&f=false

    [​IMG]

    1867 "the firm name was first Smith, Nealley & Company."
    Maine: A History, 1919 Vol 4 pg 128:
    http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433078767427;view=1up;seq=222

    1868 Hincks & Nealley "The inception of this enterprise was in 1868, under the firm name of Hincks & Nealley".
    Leading Business Men of Bangor, 1888, page 62:
    https://archive.org/stream/leadingbusinessm00beck_0/leadingbusinessm00beck_0_djvu.txt

    1869 Hincks & Nealley becomes Neally & Co.
    Leading Business Men of Bangor, 1888, page 62:
    https://archive.org/stream/leadingbusinessm00beck_0/leadingbusinessm00beck_0_djvu.txt

    1870 Charles L. Snow starts working for Nealley & Co. on Broad street in Bangor.
    Obituary of Charles L. Snow, Paint, Oil and Drug Review, Volume 52 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=Z...ow & nealley"&pg=RA3-PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false

    1884 Hincks & Nealley listing, under "Ship Stores and Chandlery".
    Maine State Year-book and Legislative Manual, for the Year 1883-84, Hoyt & Fogg, 1884 page 490:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=t...y&pg=PA490#v=onepage&q=hincks nealley&f=false

    1885 William Pope Nealley graduates from Bowdoin College.
    General catalogue of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine, 1794-1894:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=r...OzAH#v=onepage&q=william pope nealley&f=false

    1885 "William P. Nealley, of Bath, has gone into business with his brother, Hon. E. B. Nealley, on Broad Street in that city."
    Bowdoin Orient (Volume v.18, no.1-17 (1888-1889)):
    http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-e...-orient-volume-v18-no1-17-1888-1889-dwo.shtml

    1888 listing found for Nealley & Company Dealers in Cordage, chandlery, Chains, Anchors, Raft Rope, Lath Yarns, Duck, Yellow Sheathing Metal, Wire
    Rope, Paints, Oils, Tar, Pitch, Oakum, etc., Nos. 20 and 22 Broad Street. "As now constituted, the members are Messrs. Edward Nealley and Charles L. Snow, the former being a native of Bath, while the latter was born in this city.".
    Leading Business Men of Bangor, 1888, page 62:
    https://archive.org/stream/leadingbusinessm00beck_0/leadingbusinessm00beck_0_djvu.txt

    18?? "Still more recently the business was conducted under the style of the Snow & Nealley Company, in which Mr. Nealley occupied the office of
    treasurer.". note: the Mr. Nealley referenced is Edward Bowdoin Nealley.
    Maine: A History, 1919 Vol 4 pg 128:
    http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433078767427;view=1up;seq=222

    1894 William Pope Nealley of Snow & Nealley maries Lillian Ross Seavey (reference of the company "Snow & Nealley").
    Catalogue Alpha Delta Phi 1899:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=8...AA#v=onepage&q="William Pope Nealley"&f=false

    [​IMG]

    1896 Charles Snow came on as a partner.
    Bangor Daily News Oct 19, 1977:
    https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=SAg0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=lCMIAAAAIBAJ&pg=2045,1107546

    1897 William Pope Nealley becomes president.
    Down East vol 40 1993:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=uowhAQAAMAAJ&q="William+Pope+Nealley"&dq="William+Pope+Nealley%
    22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwioq5a7j_XJAhUM7WMKHf4yCeoQ6AEIUDAJ
    and
    Bangor Daily News Feb 4 1994:
    https://news.google.com/newspapers?...AIBAJ&sjid=u1kMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2376,1158411&hl=en

    . . . continued in post #3
     
    Last edited: Jun 23, 2016
  2. Operator1975

    Operator1975

    Sep 24, 2010
    Impressive. Thank you!
     
  3. rjdankert

    rjdankert Basic Member Basic Member

    Mar 10, 2011
    continued from post #1


    1905 Death of Edward Nealley. "He is survived by an only daughter, Mary Drummond Nealley, two brothers, William P. Nealley, ..."
    Maine: A History, Biographical, 1919, p. 127-129:
    https://archive.org/stream/mainehistory04mainuoft#page/n219/mode/2up
    and
    Edward Bowdoin Nealley dies. "...daughter, Mary Drummond Nealley, survives her father"
    Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine 1911:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=NevOAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA349&lpg=PA349&dq=Edward+Bowdoin+Nealley+II+takes+over&source=bl&ots=3_DehT-ZER&sig=sSLXjK-IwAEPXUwDH9o6Pwz5WKY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiK65CN4vTJAhUCSSYKHVp1ApoQ6AEIIjAB#v=onepage&q=Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over&f=false

    ???? William Pope Nealley Buys out Charles Snow.
    Bangor Daily News Feb 4 1994:
    https://news.google.com/newspapers?...AIBAJ&sjid=u1kMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2376,1158411&hl=en

    1910 Charles L. Snow, president of Snow & Nealley Co. Bangor, dies.
    Obituary of Charles L. Snow, Paint, Oil and Drug Review, Volume 52:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=Z_ZYAAAAYAAJ&lpg=RA3-PA50&ots=2dTM242Mea&dq=charles "snow & nealley"&pg=RA3-PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false

    [​IMG]

    1913 advertisement of Snow & Nealley as mfr of axes.
    Maine Register, State Year-book and Legislative Manual Tower Publishing Company 1913:
    https://books.google.com/books?id=xfdWAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA713&lpg=PA713&dq=snow+nealley+axe+pick+pole&source=bl&ots=-0xFkvkwz&sig=OoqLYjhsAXNNUsKZEoNfxlwSzUs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjW1biX1vXJAhULqx4KHa7KBDQ4ChDoAQgbMAA#v=onepage&q=snow nealley axe pick pole&f=false

    [​IMG]


    1920 "...William discussed with a southern Mainer named Leon L. Bean the possibility of marketing Snow & Nealley logging tools through Bean's catalog. The relationship proved good ..."
    Bangor Daily News Feb 4 1994:
    https://news.google.com/newspapers?...AIBAJ&sjid=u1kMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2376,1158411&hl=en

    1925 William Pope Nealley
    [​IMG]
    Bowdoin College Library Archives Image Gallery:
    http://images.bowdoin.edu/items/show/7195

    Pre 1930 Packing crate:
    [​IMG]
    Whitcomb, Haynes & Whitney (Ellsworth, Me.)
    "In 1929 sold and thereafter operated as Ellsworth Forest Products Corporation.":
    http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w63z6fnk

    Dam at Union River, Ellsworth Falls, ca. 1920
    [​IMG]
    https://www.mainememory.net/artifact/23096

    1932 credit
    [​IMG]

    1933 William Pope Nealley dies, Edward Bowdoin Nealley II takes over.
    Bangor Daily News Feb 4 1994:
    https://news.google.com/newspapers?...AIBAJ&sjid=u1kMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2376,1158411&hl=en
    note: Edward Bowdoin Nealley II may have taken over at this date, but not because of the death of William Pope Nealley.

    1934 credit
    [​IMG]

    1935 William Pope Nealley
    [​IMG]
    Bowdoin College Library Archives Image Gallery:
    http://images.bowdoin.edu/items/show/7255

    1937 Catalog
    [​IMG]

    1946 letter head
    [​IMG]

    1950 William Pope Nealley dies. Borm 1863 son of Edward St. John and Sarah Pope Nealley.
    Bowdoin Alumnus November 1950 obituary, pg 25:
    https://archive.org/stream/bowdoinalumnimag25195bowd#page/n0/mode/2up

    findagrave.com:
    http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=80600971

    [​IMG]

    1951 Envelope
    [​IMG]

    1953 letter head
    [​IMG]




    . . . continued in post #93
    http://www.bladeforums.com/threads/snow-nealley-time-line.1355076/page-5#post-17112240
     
    Last edited: Apr 26, 2017
  4. halfaxe

    halfaxe

    980
    Nov 29, 2012
    Impressive work indeed. I would like to know when S&N changed their Hudson Bay axe from the simple wedge shape into the Collins copy that exists today. I believe it was prior to WWII but that's just a guess.

    Old S&N is on the upper left.

    [​IMG][/URL][/IMG]
     
  5. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    Thanks for compiling all of this. One suggested correction to what I think is a misreading of the confusing phrasing in the book from 1888: To me, the phrase "as now consituted" refers to the present-day (at the time of the writing) 1888, when Charles Snow was indeed on board. So the part in the timeline about "includes Charles L. Snow" in 1869 would not be correct.

    From the compiled timeline (with what I think is an error):
    1869 Hincks & Nealley becomes Neally & Co. and includes Charles L. Snow "As now constituted, the members are Messrs Edward Neally and Charles L.
    Snow, ...".
    Leading Business Men of Bangor, 1888, page 62:
    https://archive.org/stream/leadingbu...eck_0_djvu.txt

    From the 1888 source:
    Nealley & Co., Dealers in Cordage, Chan-
    dlery, Chains, Anchors... The
    inception of this enterprise was in 1868, under
    the firm name of Hincks & Nealley, but this
    was changed a year later to the present style.
    As now constituted, the members are Messrs.
    Edward Nealley and Charles L. Snow...
     
  6. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010


    Here are some more details from an earlier thread (2012), about the period when the company was moved to an former car dealership in 1999, and then the production facilities were shut down by 2003, and then the Made-in-China heads made their appearance:


     
  7. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    I have an article [mentioned below] which describes how that S&N pattern (at the upper left) was used throughout WWII as a "Camp Axe", and more than 1,000 of them were obtained from L.L. Bean for this purpose. The article was written in 1986, and it said that the same axe was still available from L.L. Bean at that time.

    The article also mentioned that a test was done to determine the best axe for issuing to the Tenth Mountain division during WWII. Comparisons were done between the military hatchet, the Collins Hudson Bay axe, and the axe from L.L. Bean (which was chosen).

    The army issue "camp axe" from L.L. Bean was later switched over to the Collins Hudson Bay axe in 1950 for the Korean War.

    [As mentioned in the article U.S. MIlitary Axes, Part II, by Carter Rila, The Chronicle, June 1986, page 23]
     
  8. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    Re:
    1884 Hincks & Nealley listing, under "Ship Stores and Chandlery".
    Maine State Year-book and Legislative Manual, for the Year 1883-84, Hoyt & Fogg, 1884 page 490:



    In that same source from 1883-84, there is a listing for Charles L. Snow, at the 20 Broad address, under the heading "Wood and Charcoal".
    (Page 493)

    There is also a listing for "Hincks & Co.", at 20 and 22 Broad, under the heading "Coal".
    (Page 480)
     
  9. markv

    markv

    Sep 8, 2004
    great work
    thanks for all the info.
    no reason in my mind why Snow & Nealley should not rise again after all, they do know something about making axes.
    buzz
     
  10. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    Some additional information for the timeline (from the Sun Journal newspaper, April 13, 1998]:

    1990 - David Nealley, a former stockbroker, and his brothers took over Snow & Nealley from an outside manager, when it had a "negative net worth".

    1995 - Company finances are back in the black, after streamlining operations and focusing on the garden-tool division.

    1997 - S&N's logging tool division is sold to Dixie Industries (of Tennessee); S&N continues with gardening and woodworking equipment, and axes.

    [The S&N factory location at the time of the article (1998) was near the Bangor-Hampton town line.]
     
  11. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    Article from 1994 listing all of Snow & Nealley's products at the time (including a 5-pound broadaxe).

    Another article from 1994, about Snow & Nealley's exports to Asia and Europe.

    (Bangor Daily News, February 4, 1994)
     
  12. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    Late 1950s - Fire destroys S&N factory on lower Main Street in Bangor; new factory built a quarter-mile over the town line in Hampden, on Main Road North.

    1989 - Snow & Nealley sold its industrial division to the Leen Co.


    Article from 1994 about the forging and heat treatment processes at Snow & Nealley.

    [All from a special section of the Bangor Daily News, Feb 4, 1994, devoted to Snow & Nealley.]
     
  13. halfaxe

    halfaxe

    980
    Nov 29, 2012
    Thanks Steve. Very interesting that the 10th Mountain division thought the L.L. Bean S&N was the superior axe. I would agree.
     
  14. gben

    gben

    295
    Nov 26, 2014
    Great thread. And a story with a sad ending....
     
  15. rjdankert

    rjdankert Basic Member Basic Member

    Mar 10, 2011
    I agree and will take the Snow reference out of the 1869 entry and update the 1888 entry.

    Thanks,

    Bob
     
  16. rjdankert

    rjdankert Basic Member Basic Member

    Mar 10, 2011
    I found that the Summer St. properties were purchased in 1999 and at least one was in use by 2003. However, I couldn't find anything about the made in China heads.

    Unfortunately, this link takes me to Lehman's Country Life main page.

    Thanks again,

    Bob
     
  17. Operator1975

    Operator1975

    Sep 24, 2010
    One axe company with all that info out there on them. Amazing stuff. One reason why I love vintage axes, the history behind even one company can leave you mesmerized. Great info and thread. Thanks!
     
  18. Steve Tall

    Steve Tall

    Aug 28, 2010
    Here's the new link (to comments from the CEO of Lehman's in 2007, about the Snow & Nealley axe heads being forged in China):
    http://countrylife.lehmans.com/should-lehmans-be-buying-from-china/

    [To find updated links, I do a google search for a phrase from the text (with quotation marks), in this case the phrase I chose was: "surprised to hear that part of the Snow and Neally".]
     
  19. rjdankert

    rjdankert Basic Member Basic Member

    Mar 10, 2011
    Thanks for the info and for the other posts in this thread. I have done some updating of the time line in the past few days. Hit the limit in OP so continued in thread #3.

    Bob
     
  20. 300Six

    300Six

    Aug 29, 2013
    Thank you rjdankert. Were these guys serious manufacturers/competitors at any given time or were these niche market makers right from square one? I love the research you've done on names and timelines and I'd love to hear more about production and quantities.
     

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