Support BladeForums! Paid memberships don't see ads! It was the unusual series of circumstances lead me to getting my grubby hands on the axe which I otherwise would not have, more from lack of motivation than interest. So when one fell into my lap I was quick to seize on the opportunity. The form is coming from the time of the middle ages and was in continual use up to the 19 century in German parts mostly but also such axes came into use at least in Holland. I can see the early attempts at giving the axe a broader cutting edge while holding the weight under control and maintaining sufficient mechanical properties. Now I have gone and put it to use as a surfacing tool and it does a nice job of it. Here we can credit the exaggerated sweep of the non-beveled side of the edge, making the axe work like a gouge using this technique. Mounted with an off-set handle on there which is my own interpretation of things.